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Hungarian Fighter Colours vol. 1

1930-1945

White • 2013
AuthorsDénes Bernád, György Punka
IllustratorViktor Szalai, Kakuk Balázs, Srecko Bradic, Liviu Morosanu
ISBN978-83-61421-71-9
Release date2013-07-27
SeriesWhite
Cat. No.9119
CategoryAvailable CategoryDostępne
FormatA4, 188 pages (188 in colour)
Price140.00 PLN Price29.99 GBP

This book describes and illustrates all the fighter aircraft used by the Hungarian armed forces during WW2. Covering both the indigenous designs employed early on through to the German and Italian fighters flown for much of the period, the camouflage and markings of these aircraft are described and illustrated in great detail. Fully illustrated with many rare wartime photos. Full colour profiles of many representative aircraft.

In the volume One are described the following aircraft:

Fokker D.XVI

FIAT CR.20, CR.20B

AVIS I-IV.

FIAT CR.30, CR.30B

FIAT CR.32, CR.32bis

FIAT CR.42, CR.42CN

Messerschmitt Bf 109D-1

Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3, E-4, E-7

Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2, F-4

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  • IPMS UK Magazine No. 1 2014 • 2014-04-30
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  • AiM 01/2014 • 2014-04-30
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  • www.letletlet-warplanes.com • 2014-04-30

    There is no doubt that plastic modelers are the most prominent customers of aviation publications and one of the favorite subjects is the titles related to the camouflage and markings. And this one will be for sure a jewel for all those who like such a subject. This is the latest book from MMP Books, Hungarian Fighter Colours 1930-1945!

    It is not easy at all to give absolute answers on such complex subjects but the authors of this book are true experts in the field and they certainly give maximum output in this project. And the authors are well known researchers Dénes Bernád and Gyorgy Punka. In the introduction of the book is given a nice story how this idea started and the reader gets a bright insight about all the problems faced by the authors to bring the facts into the light. In the same first pages of the book is mentioned all resources and references used for this book as well acknowledgment to all kinds of people who helped and assisted in the research of the subject of the Hungarian camouflage and markings colors. My observation shows that both authors could get a doctoral degree at any university with this level of included data and careful treatment of the relevant data!

    Let’s go to the book! It is hard cover book, A4 form, printed in full color! This one belongs to the White series of the MMP Books. The book has 19 chapters and after introduction chapters the story started on page 10 with the chapter named ‘Markings and Codes of Hungarian Aircraft (1919-1945)’ and it includes development of the Hungarian aviation during the period. Focus on the paints was given on next chapter ‘Camouflage and Colours of Hungarian Fighter Aircraft (1930-1945)’ and starting from page 34 you can find there a great amount of info regarding the paints and manufacturers, with given tables of all material used on aircrafts, mentioned all suppliers . It is very interesting is to see images of paint cans as well as extracts from the paint manufacturer commercials. Just an overall look at this chapter gives us info about the level of the problems the authors had to determinate all paints and process used either on the imported planes as well as locally manufactured. The authors provide also all data related to the method of painting, materials used, provide extract from the official painting instruction as well as images of the preserved airframes with original colors on it. And all of this accompanied with carefully chosen archive images including rare and valuable color images!!

    From page 51 starts the next chapter, regarding the variant listings and this leads to a close up and in detail look at the specific aircrafts types. It starts with the Dutch fighter plane Fokker D.XVI (the first Hungarian post WW1 fighter) and the rest of the types presented are Avis (first Hungarian made fighter), Fiat CR. 20, Fiat CR.30, Fiat CR.32, Fiat CR.42, Messerschmitt Bf 109D, Messerschmitt Bf 109E and Messerschmitt Bf 109F. Each plane has its history of service, detailed description on the paintings and all of this with excellent images and top color profiles!

    And from page 170 to the last page 188 is given great number of appendixes and useful tables!

    Important to mention is that two authors engaged team of illustrators (yes, you read correctly – team of illustrators!!!) to manage all of the different subjects inside book. The same look at the different types inside shows a big variety of the types and manufacturers and it was obvious that on the color work have to be included more authors with their specific knowledge on specific subjects. Color profiles inside are definitely world top work and no matter that many different authors worked on them, they are beautifully balanced and look like a single person had made them. This is absolute proof that the main authors are also excellent managers in release of this project. What is also important to mention is the excellent design and layout of the book. Typography is the science for it self and it is well chosen in this book. Reading is smooth and easy and the fact that authors writing style is great, it gives to the reader excellent relaxing position.

    Books like this happen once in a lifetime. With its level of data, material included inside, way how it is presented this book will be the ultimate reference for the Hungarian airplanes in the decades to come. I am fortunate owner of the sample and recommend you to get sample for you.

    Big thanks to MMP Books for sample book for review. You may have yours here!

    Srecko Bradic

  • inscale.org • 2014-04-30

    First volume in a two-part series which describes and illustrates all the fighter aircraft used by the Hungarian armed forces during World War Two. Covering both the indigenous designs employed early on through to the German and Italian fighters flown for much of the period, the camouflage and markings of these aircraft are described and illustrated in great detail. Fully illustrated with many rare wartime photos. Full colour profiles of many representative aircraft.

    The authors:

    Gyorgy Punka is an aviation engineer based in Budapest. He has written several books and numerous articles on the Hungarian Air Force during World War 2.

    Denes Bernad has specialised in studying Romanian and Eastern European military aviation during World War 2 for the past 25 years.

    In volume one are described the following aircraft :

    Fokker D.XVI

    FIAT CR.20, CR.20B

    VIS I-IV.

    FIAT CR.30, CR.30B

    FIAT CR.32, CR.32bis

    FIAT CR.42, CR.42CN

    esserschmitt Bf 109D-1

    Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3, E-4, E-7

    Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2, F-4

    Conclusion: vFor an aircraft that has been lightly covered in the past by others this volume from MMP Books presents a great deal of research on the Hungarian Fighter Colours and Markings which covers so much more than just the markings and colour.

    A vast collection of B/W images with the majority of them being excellent in quality considering these are period images. Captioning of the photos is well done with a great deal of information contained in each one.

    must for Axis World War Two historians and an absolute necessity for the aircraft modeller that is recreating one of these types of aircraft in Hungarian colours.

    If Volume 2 (see below) is anything like Volume 1 than we certainly have a excellent resource for this subject.

    Recommended

  • IPMS USA website • 2014-04-30

    Reviewed by: Hub Plott, IPMS# 31328

    This book takes a look at colors and markings of fighter aircraft of the Hungarian Air Force from 1930-1945. This is the first of two volumes. The following aircraft are covered in Volume One: Fokker D.XVI; Fiat CR. 20 and CR. 20B; Avis I-IV; Fiat CR.30, CR. 30B, and CR. 32bis; Fiat CR. 42 and CR. 42CN;, and Messerschmitt Bf 109D-1, E-3, E-4, E-7, F-2, and F-4.

    There are many black and white photos used to illustrate these planes, as well as beautifully drawn color profiles. Most of these are side views, but some also include top views. The authors also include quite a few wartime color photographs as well as color photos of aircraft parts and relics that have survived into modern times.

    Chapter One covers the markings and codes used on Hungarian aircraft from 1919-1945, starting with post-WWI when their Air Force had to be organized and operated in secret due to the treaties signed, and continuing on to the end of WWII. In this chapter each photograph is numbered and referenced in the text. It gives a good understanding of the various markings used and reasons for the changes.

    Chapter Two discusses the camouflage and colors used from 1930-1945, and again the photos are numbered and referenced in the text by those numbers. A nice touch is the table on page 37 that shows the colors in their German, Hungarian, and English names. In 1938, it was decided to unify the colors used by combat aircraft in Hungary, and these colors were Stone Grey, Earth Brown, and Dark Green for the topside, with Light Blue to be the underside color. The authors have also included the approximate Federal Standard (FS) numbers for each of these colors, which is most helpful.

    From here, the book goes into a brief history of each of the aircraft covered in the volume as well as the colors and markings used by each of these aircraft. The authors dispense with numbering and referencing in the text for each photograph, and now provide a caption for each photo. A chapter is dedicated to each aircraft type and these cover the next 118 pages.

    Volume One concludes with various appendices of tables showing the aircraft types in service with the Hungarian Air Force, its organization from reconstruction until the end of WWII, and an approximation of rank equivalents comparing the Hungarian Air Force with those of the RAF,USAAF, VVS, and Luftwaffe.

    In addition to the information on all these various aircraft, the book’s highlight is the inclusion of wartime color photos and color photos of surviving artifacts. When you couple these with all of the beautiful color profiles that MMP has become known for, this is really an excellent book.

    I really liked this book! The authors have provided a well-researched and interesting book. It is one that provides a lot of information for the modeler, the between-the-wars historian, the WWII historian, and the immediate post-war historian…in addition to the general aviation historian! For the modeler, there are a lot of interesting color schemes and aircraft schemes that one does not see done that often. I have always liked the triangular tri-colored Hungarian national marking, as they are unique and will perk up interest in a model, be it in a collection or at a contest. Most of the subjects by Fiat and Messerschmitt are readily available in all the popular scales for modelers to build subjects detailed in this book. I can enthusiastically recommend this book to anyone with an interest in aviation history, Hungarian Air Force history, or anyone who even thinks that he may want to model any of the aircraft covered within.

    I eagerly await Volume Two! vMy thanks to Mushroom Model Publications for the review copy and IPMS/USA for the review opportunity.

  • Aerostories.org • 2014-04-30

    C’est vrai, la Hongrie, c’est un peu loin de Sainte-Radegonde-des-noyers, et son histoire est à peu près aussi familière aux Français que celle du Guatemala. Ceci étant dit, on ne peut pas non plus passer sa vie de maquettiste à monter des Tempest JF O E ou des Spad VII "Vieux Charles".

    La période 1930-1945 étant largement dominée par la régence d’un amiral Horthy proche de l’Allemagne nazie, on ne sera pas étonné de voir la Hongrie s’équiper en bonne part de chasseurs de fabrication allemande ou italienne, quoique la période de l’entre-deux-guerres ait vu se développer la construction d’appareils de construction hongroise.

    Quoiqu’en disent les auteurs en introduction, cette étude en deux volumes suit sensiblement un agencement chronologique, tout au moins en ce qui concerne la période d’utilisation des appareils par la Hongrie. Le titre "annonce la couleur" : ces ouvrages sont essentiellement destinés aux maquettistes. Et pourtant, selon une pratique désormais bien établie, la part historique est loin d’être négligée, et les amateurs d’histoire de l’aviation trouveront dans ces deux ouvrages un matériau non négligeable.

    Après un premier chapitre où les auteurs précisent leur démarche (non sans un certain humour), on en vient à une section Markings and codes conséquente (24 pages !) consacrée exclusivement aux marques de l’aviation militaire hongroise de 1919 à 1945. Suivent 17 pages particulièrement fouillées dédiées à la peinture et au camouflage des chasseurs, ces deux chapitres étant bien entendu étayés par une iconographie solide où figurent même des échantillons de peinture.

    On en vient ensuite à la présentation des appareils eux-mêmes, dont le lecteur trouvera la liste en fin d’article. Pour chacun, les schémas est globalement identique : les conditions dans lesquels l’avion est arrivé aux sein de la chasse hongroise, sa carrière opérationnelle et les camouflages et marques propres à cet appareil. Bien entendu, tout cela est abondamment illustré de photos d’époque (dont de nombreuses inédites), de vues détaillant les marques et insignes chaque fois que ce fut possible, ainsi que de profils et de vues de dessus en pleine page, sans oublier des insignes d’unité finement détaillées. En annexe, 18 pages de tableaux donnant de façon chronologique et à des dates-clés, l’organisation des différentes unités de la chasse hongroise.

    L’organisation du livre, la place qui est faite au texte, les nombreux tableaux... cela montre bien que l’intérêt du livre va bien au delà de la documentation en vue de la réussite d’une maquette. En ce qui concerne la mise en page, l’impression, la qualité du papier et la reliure, c’est sans surprise : l’excellente qualité de la "collection blanche" de chez Mushroom est au rendez-vous.

    Philippe Ballarini

  • Kitmaniac.com • 2014-04-30

    The new white series book release from MMP Books is the 1st volume of a two part book about the Hungarian fighter aircraft. The book is an excellent combination of photos and text about the History of the fighter aircrafts in the Hungarian air force service. The book start covering the pré-war aircrafts used by the Hungarian Air Force and trough war the arrive of the German Fighter Aircraft.

    The Book:

    The book is part of the MMP “White Series” and provides a very comprehensive written and pictorial coverage of the the Hungarian fighter aircraft colors from 1930 to 1945. But more than this, the book is an amazing trip through the life of the Hungarian aviators from that time.

    With more than 180 pages with black and white images 3view drawings and color profile, the great historical research became evident. We have the opportunity to see and learn more about the situation of the Hungarian Air force during the pré-war years, your situation when the war starts and the impact of the alliance with axis on your tactics and kind of employer of the airpowr. It is a hardcover, A4 in size and comprises 188 pages in high quality.

    Reading the book we find a deep discussion about the camouflage colors and markings, your variations along the time. We also find a complete appendices about the organization of the Hungarian Air Force in that time. The amazing color profiles are an excellent reference for modelers and it is curious to see that Hungarian paint schemes looks very attractive for models that we are cultured to see with traditional german colors, something nice to represent on our models. The book comprehend these aircrafts:

    In the volume One are described the following aircraft:

    Fokker D.XVI

    FIAT CR.20, CR.20B

    AVIS I-IV.

    FIAT CR.30, CR.30B

    FIAT CR.32, CR.32bis

    FIAT CR.42, CR.42CN

    Messerschmitt Bf 109D-1

    Messerschmitt Bf 109E-3, E-4, E-7

    Messerschmitt Bf 109F-2, F-4

    Conclusion

    My prayers for new titles and themes are everyday attended by MMP Books. The Hungarian Fighter Colors 1930-1945 is a supreme title to the library of modelers and aviation lovers. For me as a historian, this is a very important title, to understand a little bit about this kind of view about the WWII, I’m very satisfied. Highly Recommended.

  • amazon.jp customer review (1st) • 2014-04-30
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  • Amazon.co.uk customer review (1st) • 2014-04-30
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  • Model Aircraft October 2013 • 2014-04-30
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  • AIR Modeller 50 • 2014-04-30
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  • Model Airplane International 2013-10 • 2014-04-30
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  • SAMI 2013-10 (Book of the Month) • 2014-04-30
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  • Cybermodeler.com • 2014-04-30

    By David L. Veres

    East-Front Axis aircraft enthusiast? Buy, beg or borrow this brilliant book. Then prepare to alter your ideas of Hungarian warplane warpaint.

    MMP's Hungarian Fighter Colours Vol. 1 – available in North America from Casemate – offers the first authoritative, English-language study of this fascinating topic.

    The inimitable Dénes Bernád and György Punka methodically mine and milk original sources. And in some cases, they literally excavate actual evidence to craft their amazingly absorbing account.

    After illuminating introductory sections – including, surprisingly, the complete contents of Vol. 2 – coverage proceeds, chapter-by-chapter, through nine aircraft types:

    Fokker D.XVI

    FIAT CR.20

    AVIS I-IV

    FIAT CR.30

    FIAT CR.32

    FIAT CR.42

    Messerschmitt Bf 109D

    Messerschmitt Bf 109E and

    Messerschmitt Bf 109F

    Each chapter, in turn, comprises two parts: operational service and camouflage & markings. The lavishly illustrated opus sports over 250 photos and 60 color profiles. And appendices summarize Hungarian fighter types, unit organization and deployments, and rank equivalents.

    Surprises abound. Like that cool, customized CR.32 "cow" camouflage. Time to break out Classic Airframes' kit! And Hungary's scheme to re-engine CR.32s with Gnome-Rhône 14M Mars radials – the prototype of which displayed superior climb to a Heinkel He 112B in trials.

    But minor gremlins haunt this otherwise excellent effort. The top view of CR.32 V.164 mistakenly appears on page 99 – then, properly, with its profile on page 102. The shot of CR.42 V-237 reveals denser top wing mottling than Balácz Kakuk's plan view depicts. Photos also confirm that Stone Grey G.1100 displayed a wider range of tonality than book artwork suggests. And despite no apparent Federal Standard matches for Hungarian warpaint, I wished the authors provided FS approximates for common Krayer camouflage colors.

    But I quibble. MMP has forged a deservedly brilliant reputation with terrific tomes like this. Get this superb study – now. Then fight for a place in line behind me for Vol. 2!

    Rabidly recommended.

    Now where can I get a DVD of the movie, Magyar Sasok???!!!

  • Amazon.co.uk Cunstomer review (2nd) • 2014-04-30

    5.0 out of 5 stars Hungarian fighter colours 8 Oct 2013

    By VERNONPORTER

    Hungarian WW11 aircraft have not been adequately covered in print and this goes a long way into fulfilling this gap in aircraft history

  • Amazon.co.uk customer review (3rd) • 2014-04-30
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  • Scale Aircraft Modelling. November 2013. • 2014-04-30
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  • www.largescalemodeller.com • 2014-04-30

    I've always found the air forces of Germany's allies during WW2 to be a fascinating study. Equipped with a mix of German, Italian and indigenous designs and often sporting interesting camouflage schemes I often wonder why they're frequently overlooked by most modelers. I own the old Squadron book on the Hungarian Air Force but I have to say that I was ecstatic when this volume arrived in the mail considering Mushroom's stellar reputation for quality. There's a good reason they're a favorite among modelers!

    Under the Treaty of Trianon (1920), Hungary was forbidden from owning military aircraft. However, a secret air arm was gradually established under the cover of civilian flying clubs. During 1938, as a result of the Bled agreement, the existence of the Royal Hungarian Air Force (Hungarian: Magyar Királyi Honvéd Légierő (MKHL)), was made known. The army's aviation service was reorganized and expanded. Late in 1938 army aviation was once again reorganized. Admiral Horthy, the head of state, ordered that the army aviation should become an independent service with effect of 01.09.1939. It subsequently participated in clashes with the newly established Slovak Republic and in the border confrontation with the Kingdom of Romania. In April 1941, operations were conducted in support of the German invasion of Yugoslavia and, on 27 June 1941, Hungary declared war on the Soviet Union. In the summer of 1942, an air brigade was attached to the Luftwaffe's VIII. Fliegerkorps on the Eastern Front. Beginning March 1944, Allied bomber raids began on Hungary and progressively increased in intensity. Late in 1944 all efforts were redirected towards countering the advancing Red Army, but to no avail. All fighting in Hungary ended on 16 April 1945, they stood by their German allies to the bitter end.

    The book is presented in hardback format and at 188 pages is a veritable treasure trove of information. The book begins with demise of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy and the evolution of markings unique to Hungarian aircraft. I found the photos here particularly interesting since many of the aircraft depicted have faded into virtual obscurity. As the new air force transitioned from clandestine operations to operating in the open the aircraft become more familiar to aviation enthusiasts of this era. While we're on the subject, the aircraft that this volume focuses on are:

    Fokker D.XVI

    FIAT CR.20

    AVIS I-IV

    FIAT CR.30

    FIAT CR.32 FIAT CR.42

    Messerschmitt Bf 109D

    Messerschmitt Bf 109E

    Messerschmitt Bf 109F

    Each of these aircraft receives it's own dedicated chapter with loads of information covering markings, operations and anything else relevant. Photos are plentiful as well as high quality color profiles. The pre-war schemes are particularly interesting, if you're a fan of the CR.32 and CR.42 like me you'll find that these two chapters alone are worth the price of admission.

    You seriously didn't think I wasn't going to sneak in a picture of a 109 did you? Of course the Hungarians operated Willy's wonder as well and you'll find some welcome respite from standard Luftwaffe schemes here, I'm a big fan of the red, white and green on the rear control surfaces.

    So what do we think?

    I came away thoroughly impressed, this book is just outstanding. If you have any interest in this subject, or even if you don't, get it. I think this book belongs in every WW2 aviation enthusiasts collection. Looking forward to Volume 2. (and not just for the 109s!)

    Highly Recommended

  • Modelingmadness.com • 2014-04-30

    Reviewer:Scott Van Aken

    What with all the concentration on camouflage and colors for the major powers, it is often that some of the other participants in WWII get overlooked. Such is the case for the Hungarian air force. Like Germany, Hungary was severely limited in what they could put in the air and a national air force was strictly forbidden. Unlike Germany, it took the nation quite a while to finally declare a national air arm and that was in 1938.

    However, it does not mean that there was no air force as one had existed post WWI, and was secretly established once the Entente had made Hungary's air military forbidden in 1920. The 'Bureau for Aeronautic Affairs' was established in 1924 and was the basis for the resurgence of the air force. Fighter types were ordered on a very small scale and brought in unarmed as sporting planes during this time. Slowly the force grew, all the while carrying civilian registration, similar to the method used by Germany. Even when it was obvious to all but the blind that an air arm had been formed, these planes still carried their civil codes. Once the air force was officially underway as such, the Hungarians were able to purchase planes that it needed. Most of these came from Italy who had been supplying them with a blind eye for most of this period. It enabled the Hungarian Air Force to operate some relatively modern equipment, at least modern by Italian standards and though other types entered service, it wasn't until nearly the end of WWII that Hungary was able to operate some of the latest types.

    This is the first of a two volume set and interestingly, it contains the table of contents for both volumes in it. Naturally there is an introduction to the subject as to why the book is needed and what was done in terms of research. This is followed by section to explain the codes and other markings applied to Hungarian aircraft. What seems like a bit of a jumble to the uninitiated is made quite clear in this section. There follows a chapter on the various colors used during this period of time. While most aircraft initially flew with the colors provided by the manufacturer, they were repainted in Hungarian colors during their first overhaul. Those aircraft made in Hungary got local camouflage from the start.

    Then we get into the main body of the book which is a look at each aircraft type used in the order that it entered service. For volume one we have the Fokker D. XVI, Avis I-IV, Fiat CR.30, Fiat CR.32, Fiat CR.42, Bf-109D, Bf-109E and Bf-109F. Each section not only gives a rundown on the types service but also we are treated to a great selection of period photos, a few of them in color. This is further enhanced by a large number of full color profiles based on some of the photos that are in each section.

    This is all followed up with several appendices that include a list of ranks and the organization of fighter units. In all, it is an outstanding book that is well researched, provides us with a bevy of interesting photos and is just the perfect book for the modeler and enthusiast alike. Highly recommended.

    January 2014

  • AERONAUTICA 08-09/2014 • 2014-04-30
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